This year's Nobel Prize in Physics goes to the Frenchman Alain Aspect, the US American John F. Clauser and the Austrian Anton Zeilinger for research in the field of quantum physics.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced the award in Stockholm on Tuesday.
The researchers had conducted groundbreaking experiments with entangled quantum states, in which two particles behave as one, even when they are separated. The results would have paved the way for new technologies based on quantum information. This year, the most important award for physicists is endowed with a total of ten million crowns (about 920,000 euros).
Since it was first awarded in 1901, four female researchers and 214 male researchers have received the Nobel Prize in Physics - one of them, the American John Bardeen, even twice.
Last year, one half of the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to the Hamburg meteorologist Klaus Hasselmann and the Japanese-born US American Syukuro Manabe. Both have created a solid physical basis for our knowledge of climate change. The other half went to the Italian Giorgio Parisi for his work on understanding complex systems.